Gary W Thickbroom

[Publications]

Invited reviews

  1. Groppa S, Oliviero A, Eisen A, Quartarone A, Cohen LG, Mall V, Kaelin-Lang A, Mima T, Rossi S, Thickbroom GW, Rossini PM, Ziemann U, Valls-Solé J, Siebner HR. (2012) A practical guide to diagnostic transcranial magnetic stimulation: report of an IFCN committee. Clinical Neurophysiology. 2012 May;123(5):858-82. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2012.01.010. Epub 2012 Feb 19.
  2. Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (2009) Plasticity in neurological disorders and challenges for noninvasive brain stimulation. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation. 6:4 doi: 10.1186/1743-0003-6-4 Open Access article.
  3. Huang Y-Z, Sommer M, Thickbroom GW, Hamada M, Pascual-Leonne A, Paulus W, Classen J, Peterchev AV, Zangen A, Ugawa Y (2009) Consensus: New methodologies for brain stimulation. Brain Stimulation 2:2-13 doi:10.1016/j.brs.2008.09.007
  4. Thickbroom GW (2007) Transcranial magnetic stimulation and synaptic plasticity: Experimental framework and human models. Experimental Brain Research 180(4): 583-593 doi: 10.1007/s00221-007-0991-3
  5. Sacco P, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (2005) The role of transcranial magnetic stimulation in the study of fatigue. In: M Hallett and S Chokroverty (eds) Magnetic Stimulation in Clinical Neurophysiology, 2nd Edition, Elsevier, Philadelphia.
  6. Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (2002) Mapping studies. In: Handbook of Magnetic Stimulation, Eds: A Pascual-Leone, NJ Davey, ,JC Rothwell, EM Wasserman, BK Puri. Arnold, London.
  7. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL (1999) Methodology and application of TMS mapping. In: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, Eds: W Paulus, M Hallett, PM Rossini and JC Rothwell, Supplement 51 to Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 51:42-48.
  8. Sacco P, Thickbroom GW, Thompson ML, Mastaglia FL (1996) Fatigue-related changes in corticomotor excitability in normal subjects and patients with chronic fatigue syndrome.  In: Recent Advances in Clinical Neurophysiology, J Kimura and H Shibisaki, editors. Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Highlighted papers

  1. Cash, RFH, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2013) “Evidence for high-fidelity timing-dependent synaptic plasticity of human motor cortex.” Journal of Neurophysiology 109(1): 106-112. doi: 10.1152/jn.00584.2011
  2. Cortes M, Thickbroom GW, Valls-Sole J, Pascual-Leone A, Edwards DJ (2011) Spinal associative stimulation: a non-invasive stimulation paradigm to modulate spinal excitability. Clinical Neurophysiology. 122(11):2254-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2011.02.038. Epub 2011 Apr 23.
  3. Cash RHF, Ziemann U, Murray K, Thickbroom GW (2010) Late cortical disinhibition in human motor cortex: A triple-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation study. J Neurophysiol 103(1):511-8. doi: 10.1152/jn.00782.2009. Epub 2009 Nov 18.
  4. Thickbroom GW (2007) Transcranial magnetic stimulation and synaptic plasticity: Experimental framework and human models. Experimental Brain Research 180(4): 583-593 doi: 10.1007/s00221-007-0991-3
  5. Benwell NM, Sacco P, Hammond GR, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW.  (2006) Short-interval cortical inhibition and corticomotor excitability with fatiguing hand exercise: a central adaptation to fatigue? Experimental Brain Research  170(2):191-198 (doi: 10.1007/s00221-005-0195-7)
  6. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Edwards DJ, Mastaglia FL (2006) Repetitive paired-pulse TMS at I-wave periodicity markedly increases corticomotor excitability: A new technique for modulating synaptic plasticity. Clinical Neurophysiology 117(1): 61-66.
  7. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL (2003) The dual hand representation in the cerebellum: activation with voluntary and passive movement. Neuroimage 18: 670-674.
  8. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Archer SA, Mastaglia FL (2002) Motor outcome after subcortical stroke: MEPs correlate with hand strength but not dexterity. Clinical Neurophysiology, 113: 2025-2029.
  9. Thickbroom GW, Phillips BA, Morris IT, Byrnes ML, Sacco P, Mastaglia FL (1999) Differences in functional MRI of sensorimotor cortex during static and dynamic finger flexion. Experimental Brain Research, 126, 431-438.
  10. Wilson SA, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1993) Transcranial magnetic stimulation mapping of the motor cortex in normal subjects. The representation of two intrinsic hand muscles. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 118, 134-44.

Journal Articles

2018

  1. Buchwald A, Falconer C, Rykman-Peltz A, Cortes M, Pascual-Leone A, Thickbroom GW, Krebs HI, Fregni F, Gerber LM, Oromendia C, Chang J, Volpe BT, Edwards DJ (2018) Robotic arm rehabilitation in chronic stroke patients with aphasia may promote speech and language recovery. Frontiers in Neurology 9:853. doi: 10.3389/fneur.2018.00853

2017

  1. Douget V, Nosaka K, Guével A, Thickbroom GW, Ishimura K, Juneau M (2017) Muscle length effect on corticospinal excitability during maximal concentric, isometric and eccentric contractions of the knee extensors. Experimental Physiology 102(11):1513-1523. doi: 10.1113/EP086480
  2. Cortes M, Medeiros AH, Gandhi A, Lee P, Krebs HI, Thickbroom GW, Edwards D (2017) Improved grasp function with transcranial direct current stimulation in chronic spinal cord injury. NeuroRehabilitation 41(1):51-59. doi: 10.3233/NRE-171456
  3. Edwards DJ, Cortes M, Wortman-Jutt S, Putrino D, Bikson M, Thickbroom GW and Pascual-Leone A (2017) Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Sports Performance. Frontiers Human Neuroscience 11:243. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2017.00243
  4. Simson KJ, Miller CT, Ford J, Hahne A, Main L, Rantalainen T, Teo WP, Teychenne M, Connell D, Trudel G, Zheng G, Thickbroom GW, Belavy DL (2017) Optimising conservative management of chronic low back pain: study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials 18(1):184. doi: 10.1186/s13063-017-1913-8
  5. Cortes M, Thickbroom GW, Elder J, Rykman A, Valls-Sole J, Pascual-Leone A, Edwards DJ (2017) The corticomotor projection to liminally-contractable forearm muscles in chronic spinal cord injury: a transcranial magnetic stimulation study. Spinal Cord 55(4):362-366. doi: 10.1038/sc.2016.161

2016

  1. Tang AD, Lowe AS, Garrett AR, Woodward R, Bennett W, Canty AJ, Garry MI, Hinder MR, Summers JJ, Gersner R, Rotenberg A, Thickbroom GW, Walton J, Rodger J (2016) Construction and Evaluation of Rodent-Specific rTMS Coils. Frontiers in Neural Circuits 10:47.  doi: 10.3389/fncir.2016.00047
  2. Cash RF, Murakami, Chen R, Thickbroom GW, Ziemann U (2016) Augmenting Plasticity Induction in Human Motor Cortex by Disinhibition Stimulation. Cerebral Cortex 26(1): 58-69 doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhu176 Epub 6/8/2014.

2015

  1. Johnson L, Rodrigues J, Teo WP, Walters S, Stell R, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (2015) Interactive effects of GPI stimulation and levodopa on postural control in Parkinson’s disease. Gait and Posture 41(4):929-34. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2015.03.346
  2. Tang, A, Thickbroom GW, Rodger J (2015) Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation of the Brain: Mechanisms from Animal and Experimental Models. Neuroscientist (epub ahead of print, 7/12/2015) doi: 10.1177/1073858415618897
  3. Thickbroom GW, Cortes M, Rykman A, Volpe B, Fregni F, Krebs HI, Pascual-Leone A, Edwards DJ (2015) Stroke subtype and motor impairment influence contralesional excitability. Neurology 85(6):517-20 doi: 10.1212/WNL.0000000000001828
  4. Silbert BI, Heaton A, Cash RFH, Dunne JW, Lawn ND, Silbert PL, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2015) Evidence for an excitatory GABAA response in human motor cortex in idiopathic generalised epilepsy. Seizure 26:36-42 doi: 10.1016/j.seizure.2015.01.014

2014

  1. Teo W-P, Rodrigues JP, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2014) Modulation of corticomotor excitability after maximal or sustainable-rate repetitive finger movement is impaired in Parkinson’s disease and is reversed by levodopa. Clinical Neurophysiology 125: 562-568. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2013.09.004.
  2. Edwards DJ, Dipietro L, Demirtas-Tatlidede A, Medeiros AH, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL, Krebs HI, Pascual-Leone A (2014) Movement-generated afference paired with transcranial magnetic stimulation: an associative stimulation paradigm. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation 11:31  doi: 10.1186/1743-0003-11-31.
  3. Edwards DJ, Cortes M, Thickbroom GW, Rykman A, Pascual-Leone A, Volpe B (2014) Evidence against volume conduction to explain normal MEPs in muscles with low motor power in SCI. Spinal Cord doi: 10.1038/sc.2014.117

2013

  1. Teo W-P, Rodrigues JP, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2013) Comparing kinematic changes between a finger-tapping task and unconstrained finger flexion-extension task in patients with Parkinson’s disease. Experimental Brain Research227(3): 323-331. doi: 10.1007/s00221-013-3491-7
  2. Silbert BI, Thickbroom GW (2013) Conditioning the cortical silent period with paired transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Stimulation6(4): 541-544. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2012.09.011
  3. Silbert BI, Pevcic DD, Patterson HI, Windnagel KA, Thickbroom GW (2013) Inverse correlation between resting motor threshold and corticomotor excitability after static magnetic stimulation of human motor cortex. Brain Stimulation6(5): 817-20. doi:10.1016/j.brs.2013.03.007
  4. Silbert BI, Patterson HI, Pevcic DD, Windnagel KA, Thickbroom GW (2013) A comparison of relative-frequency and threshold-hunting methods to determine stimulus intensity in transcranial magnetic stimulation. Clinical Neurophysiology124(4): 708-712. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2012.09.018
  5. Schabrun SM, Chipchase LS, Zipf N, Thickbroom GW, Hodges PW (2013) Interaction between simultaneously applied neuromodulatory interventions in humans. Brain Stimulation6(4): 624-630. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2012.09.009
  6. Johnson L, James I, Rodrigues JP, Stell R, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (2013) Clinical and posturographic correlates of falling in Parkinson’s disease. MovementDisorders28(9): 1250-6. doi: 10.1002/mds.25449
  7. Johnson L, Stell R, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (2013) The effects of a supervised Pilates training program on balance in Parkinson’s disease. Advances in Parkinson’s Disease2(2): 58-61. doi: 10.4236/apd.2013.22011
  8. Giacobbe V, Krebs HI, Volpe BT, Pascual-Leone A, Rykman A, Zeierati G, Fregni F, Dipietro L, Thickbroom GW, Edwards DJ (2013) Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) and robotic practice in chronic stroke: The dimension of timing. NeuroRehabilitation33(1): 49-56. doi: 10.3233/NRE-130927
  9. Edwards DJ, Cortes M, Thickbroom GW, Rykman A, Pascual-Leone A, Volpe BT (2013) Preserved corticospinal conduction without voluntary movement after spinal cord injury. Nature Spinal Cord51(10): 765-767. doi: 10.1038/sc.2013.74. Comment: Wyndaele (2013) Residual pathways after SCI are not always clinically assessed. Nature Spinal Cord (2013) 51(10): 727. doi: 10.1038/sc.2013.114.
  10. Cortes M. Elder J, Rykman A, Murray L, Avedissian M, Stampa A, Thickbroom GW, Pascual-Leone A, Krebs HI, Valls-Sole J, Edwards DJ (2013) Improved motor performance in chronic spinal cord injury following upper-limb robotic training. NeuroRehabilitation33(1): 57-65. doi: 10.3233/NRE-130928
  11. Cash RFH, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2013) Evidence for high-fidelity timing-dependent synaptic plasticity of human motor cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology109(1): 106-112. doi: 10.1152/jn.00584.2011

2012

  1. Chin O, Cash RHF, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2012) Electromyographic bursting following the cortical silent period induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation. Brain Research1446: 40-5. doi: 10.1016/j.brainres.2012.01.041
  2. Teo WP, Rodrigues JP, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2012) Post-exercise depression in corticomotor excitability after dynamic movement: a general property of fatiguing and non-fatiguing exercise. Experimental Brain Research216(1): 41-9. doi: 10.1007/s00221-011-2906-6
  3. Teo WP, Rodrigues JP, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2012) Changes in corticomotor excitability and inhibition after exercise are influenced by hand dominance and motor demand. Neuroscience210: 110-7. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2012.03.021
  4. Teo WP, Rodrigues JP, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2012) Breakdown in central motor control can be attenuated by motor practice and neuro-modulation of the primary motor cortex. Neuroscience220: 11-8. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2012.06.048

2011

  1. Cash RHF, Ziemann U, Thickbroom GW (2011) Inhibitory and disinhibitory effects on I-wave facilitation in motor cortex. Journal of Neurophysiology105(1): 100-6. doi: 10.1152/jn.00650.2010
  2. Murray, L, Nosaka, K, Thickbroom, GW (2011) Interventional repetitive I-wave transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS): The dimension of stimulation duration. Brain Stimulation4(4): 261-5. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2010.12.003
  3. Silbert BI, Gibbons JT, Cash RHF, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2011) Modulation of corticomotor excitability by an I-wave intervention delivered during low-level voluntary contraction. Experimental Brain Research208(2): 229-35. doi: 10.1007/s00221-010-2473-2
  4. Thickbroom GW (2011) A model of the contribution of late I-waves to alpha-motoneuronal activation: implications for paired-pulse TMS. Brain Stimulation4(2): 77-83. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2010.04.002
  5. Giacobbe V, Volpe BT, Thickbroom GW, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Krebs HI, Edwards DJ. (2011) Reversal of TMS-induced motor twitch by training is associated with a reduction in excitability of the antagonist muscle. Journal on Neuro-Engineering and Rehabilitation8: 46. doi: 10.1186/1743-0003-8-46
  6. Cortes M, Thickbroom GW, Valls-Sole J, Pascual-Leone A, Edwards DJ (2011) Spinal associative stimulation: a non-invasive stimulation paradigm to modulate spinal excitability. Clinical Neurophysiology122(11): 2254-9. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2011.02.038

2010

  1. Cash RHF, Ziemann U, Murray K, Thickbroom GW (2010) Late cortical disinhibition in human motor cortex: A triple-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation study. J Neurophysiol103(1): 511-8. doi: 10.1152/jn.00782.2009
  2. Chye L, Nosaka K, Murray L, Edwards DJ, Thickbroom GW (2010) Corticomotor excitability of wrist flexor and extensor muscles during active and passive movement. Human Movement Science29(4): 494-501. doi: 10.1016/j.humov.2010.03.003

2009

  1. Sacco P, Turner D, Rothwell JC, Thickbroom GW (2009) Corticomotor responses to triple-pulse magnetic stimulation: effects of interstimulus interval and stimulus intensity. Brain Stimulation2(1): 36-40. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2008.06.255
  2. Cash RF, Benwell NM, Murray K, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2009). Neuromodulation by paired-pulse TMS at an I-wave interval facilitates multiple I-waves. Experimental Brain Research103(1): 511-8. doi: 10.1152/jn.00782.2009
  3. Rodrigues JP, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2009) Rapid slowing of maximal finger movement rate: Fatigue of central motor control? Experimental Brain Research196(4): 557-63. doi: 10.1007/s00221-009-1886-2
  4. Edwards DJ, Krebs HI, Rykman a, Zipse J, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL, Pascual-Leone A, Volpe B. (2009) Raised corticomotor excitability of M1 forearm area following anodal TDCS is sustained during robotic wrist therapy in chronic stroke. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience27(3): 199-207. doi: 10.3233/RNN-2009-0470
  5. Johnson LGB, Colyer KE, Edwards DJ, Philippe DL, Eastwood PR, Walters S, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (2009) Improvement in aerobic capacity after an exercise program in sporadic inclusion body myositis (IBM). Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease 10(4): 178-184 doi: 10.1097/CND.0b013e3181a23c86

2008

  1. Thickbroom GW, Sacco P, Faulkner DL, Kermode AG, Mastaglia FL (2008) Enhanced corticomotor excitability with dynamic fatiguing exercise of the lower limb in multiple sclerosis. Journal of Neurology255(7): 1001-5. doi: 10.1007/s00415-008-0818-6
  2. Redman TA, Gibson N, Finn J, Bremner A, Valentine J, Thickbroom GW (2008) Upper limb corticomotor projections and physiological changes that occur with Botulinum Toxin-A therapy in children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy. European Journal of Neurology15(8): 787-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2008.02194.x
  3. Rodrigues JP, Walters SE, Stell R, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2008) Spike-timing-related plasticity is preserved in Parkinson’s disease and is enhanced by dopamine: Evidence from transcranial magnetic stimulation. Neuroscience Letters  448(1): 29-32. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2008.10.048

2007

  1. Benwell NM, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2007) Differential changes in long-interval intracortical inhibition and silent period duration during fatiguing exercise. Experimental Brain Research 179(2): 255-262. doi: 10.1007/s00221-006-0790-2
  2. Dundas JE, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (2007) Perception of comfort during transcranial DC stimulation: Effect of NaCl solution concentration applied to sponge electrodes. Clinical Neurophysiology118(5): 1166-1170. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2007.01.010
  3. Di Lazzaro V, Thickbroom GW, Pilato F, Profice P, Dileone M, Mazzone P, Insola A, Ranieri F, Tonali PA, Rothwell JC (2007) Direct demonstration of the effects of repetitive paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation at I-wave periodicity. Clinical Neurophysiology118(6): 1193-1197. doi: 10.1016/j.clinph.2007.02.020
  4. Johnson LGB, Edwards DJ, Walters S, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (2007) The effectiveness of an individualized, home-based functional exercise program for patients with sporadic Inclusion Body Myositis. Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease8(4):187-194. doi: 10.1097/cnd.0b013e3181237291
  5. Benwell NM, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2007) Changes in the functional MR signal in motor and non-motor areas during intermittent fatiguing hand exercise. Experimental Brain Research182(1): 93-97. doi: 10.1007/s00221-007-0973-5
  6. Edwards DJ, Mastaglia FL, Byrnes ML, Fregni F, Pascual-Leone A, Thickbroom GW (2007) Supraspinal inputs reduce corticomotor excitability during passive movement: evidence from a pure sensory stroke. Restorative Neurology & Neuroscience25(5-6): 527-533.

2006

  1. Blacker D, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2006) Differential activation of frontal lobe areas by lexical and semantic language tasks: an fMRI study. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 13: 91-95
  2. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Edwards DJ, Mastaglia FL (2006) Repetitive paired-pulse TMS at I-wave periodicity markedly increases corticomotor excitability: A new technique for modulating synaptic plasticity. Clinical Neurophysiology 117(1): 61-66.
  3. Thickbroom GW, Sacco P, Kermode AG, Archer SA, Byrnes ML, Guilfoyle A, Mastaglia FL (2006) Central motor drive and perception of effort during fatigue in multiple sclerosis. Journal of Neurology 253: 1048-1053
  4. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Walters S, Stell R, Mastaglia FL. (2006) Motor cortex reorganisation in Parkinson’s disease. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 13: 639-642
  5. Benwell NM, Sacco P, Hammond GR, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW.  (2006) Short-interval cortical inhibition and corticomotor excitability with fatiguing hand exercise: a central adaptation to fatigue? Experimental Brain Research  170(2):191-198 (doi: 10.1007/s00221-005-0195-7)
  6. Rodrigues JP, Edwards DJ, Walters S, Byrnes ML, Thickbroom GW, Stell R, Mastaglia FL (2006) A blinded placebo crossover study of Gabapentin in Primary Orthostatic Tremor.  Movement Disorders 21: 900-905
  7. Benwell NM, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2006) Reduced functional activation after fatiguing exercise is not confined to primary motor areas. Experimental Brain Research 17(4)5: 575-583 (10.1007/s00221-006-0573-9)
  8. Benwell NM, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2006) Paired-pulse rTMS at trans-synaptic intervals increases corticomotor excitability and reduces the rate of force loss during a fatiguing exercise of the hand. Experimental Brain Research 175(4): 626-632 (doi: 10.1007/s00221-006-0579-3)

2005

  1. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Archer SA, Kermode, A, Mastaglia FL (2005) Corticomotor organisation and motor function in multiple sclerosis. Journal of Neurology 252(7): 765-771.
  2. Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL, Walters SE, Archer SA, Thickbroom GW (2005) Primary writing tremor: motor cortex reorganisation and disinhibition. Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 12: 102-104.
  3. Benwell NM, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2005) Primary sensorimotor cortex activation with task-performance after fatiguing hand exercise. Experimental Brain Research 167(2): 160-164 (doi: 10.1007/s00221-005-0013-2)
  4. Rodrigues JP, Edwards DJ, Walters S, Byrnes ML, Thickbroom GW, Stell R, Mastaglia FL (2005). Gabapentin can improve postural stability and quality of life in Primary Orthostatic Tremor.  Movement Disorders 20(7): 865-886.

2004

  1. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Morris IT, Fallon MJ, Knuckey NW, Mastaglia FL (2004) Functional MRI near vascular anomalies: comparison of cavernoma and arteriovenous malformation.  Journal of Clinical Neuroscience 11(8): 845-848.
  2. Edwards DJ, Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Ghosh S, Mastaglia FL (2004) Temporal aspects of passive movement-related corticomotor inhibition. Human Movement Science 23: 379-387.
  3. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Archer SA, Mastaglia FL (2004) Motor recovery after subcortical stroke correlates with the degree of cortical reorganisation. Clinical Neurophysiology 115: 2144-2150.
  4. Hammond G, Faulkner D, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW (2004) Transcranial magnetic stimulation reveals asymmetrical efficacy of intracortical circuits in primary motor cortex. Experimental Brain Research 155: 19-23.

2003

  1. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Stell R, Mastaglia FL (2003) Reversible reorganisation of the cortical motor representation of the hand in cervical dystonia. Movement Disorders, 18(4): 395-402
  2. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL (2003) The dual hand representation in the cerebellum: activation with voluntary and passive movement. Neuroimage 18: 670-674.
  3. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Blacker DJ, Morris IT, Mastaglia FL (2002) A functional MRI protocol for localizing language comprehension in the human brain. Brain Research Protocols, 10: 175-180

2002

  1. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Archer SA, Mastaglia FL (2002) Motor outcome after subcortical stroke: MEPs correlate with hand strength but not dexterity. ClinicalNeurophysiology, 113: 2025-2029.
  2. Edwards DE, Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML Ghosh S, Mastaglia FL (2002) Reduced corticomotor excitability with cyclic passive movement: a study using transcranial magnetic stimulation. Human Movement Science, 21: 533-540.

2001

  1. Byrnes ML, Thickbroom GW, Phillips, BA, Mastaglia, FL. (2001) Long-term changes in motor cortical organisation after recovery from subcortical stroke. Brain Research 889: 278-287
  2. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Archer, SAR, Nagarajan L, Mastaglia, FL. (2001) Differences in sensory and motor cortical organisation following brain injury early in life. Annals of Neurology. 49:320-327
  3. Phillips BA, Mastaglia, FL, Cala LA, Thickbroom GW, Zilko P. (2001) Patterns of limb muscle involvement in sporadic IBM: a clinical and MRI study. Muscle and Nerve, 24(11): 1526-1534.
  4. Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW, Day T, Bond R.  (2001) Craniocervical tetanus presenting with dysphasia: diagnostic value of electrophysiological studies. Journal of Neurology, 248:903-904.

2000

  1. Pearce AJ, Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia, FL (2000) The corticomotor representation of an intrinsic hand muscle in skilled racquet players. Experimental Brain Research. 130(2): 238-243.
  2. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Sacco P, Ghosh S, Morris IT and Mastaglia FL (2000) The role of the supplementary motor area in externally timed movement: The influence of predictability of movement timing. Brain Research, 874(2), 233-241.
  3. Sacco P, Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL (2000).  Changes in corticomotor excitability after fatiguing muscle contractions. Muscle and Nerve 23:1840-1846.

1999

  1. Byrnes ML, Thickbroom GW, Phillips BA, Wilson SA, Mastaglia FL (1999) Physiological studies of the corticomotor projection to the hand after subcortical stroke. Clinical Neurophysiology, 110, 487-498.
  2. Thickbroom GW, Phillips BA, Morris IT, Byrnes ML, Sacco P, Mastaglia FL (1999) Differences in functional MRI of sensorimotor cortex during static and dynamic finger flexion. Experimental Brain Research, 126, 431-438.
  3. Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL (1999) A model of the effect of MEP amplitude variation on the accuracy of TMS mapping Clinical Neurophysiology, 110, 941-943.
  4. Sacco P, Hope PAJ, Thickbroom GW, Byrnes ML, Mastaglia FL (1999) Corticomotor excitability and perception of effort during sustained exercise in the chronic fatigue syndrome. Clinical Neurophysiology, 110, 1-9.

1998

  1. Byrnes ML, Thickbroom GW, Wilson SA, Sacco P, Shipman JM, Stell R, Mastaglia, FL (1998) The corticomotor representation of upper limb muscles in writer’s cramp and changes following botulinum toxin injection. Brain, 121, 977-988.
  2. Thickbroom GW, Sammut R, Mastaglia FL (1998) Magnetic stimulation mapping of motor cortex: factors contributing to map area. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 109, 79-84.
  3. Tsai CH, Semmler JG, Kimber TE, Thickbroom GW, Stell R, Mastaglia FL, Thompson PD (1998) Modulation of primary orthostatic tremor by magnetic stimulation over the motor cortex. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry. 64, 33-36.
  4. Thickbroom GW, Phillips BA, Morris IT, Byrnes, ML Mastaglia, FL (1998) Isometric force-related activity in sensorimotor cortex measured with functional MRI. Experimental Brain Research. 121, 59-64.
  5. Pearce AJ, Sacco P, Byrnes ML, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1998) The effects of eccentric exercise on neuromuscular function of the biceps brachii. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. 1(4), 236-244.

1997

  1. Thompson ML, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1997) Corticomotor representation of the sternocleidomastoid muscle. Brain, 120, 245-55.
  2. Sacco P, Thickbroom GW, Thompson ML, Mastaglia FL (1997) Changes in corticomotor excitation and inhibition during prolonged submaximal muscle contractions. Muscle and Nerve, 20,1158-1166.

1996

  1. Thickbroom GW, Stell R, Mastaglia FL (1996) Transcranial magnetic stimulation of the human frontal eye field. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 144, 114-8.
  2. Cunnington R, Iansek R, Thickbroom GW, Laing BA, Mastaglia FL, Bradshaw JL, Phillips JG (1996) Effects of magnetic stimulation over supplementary motor area on movement in Parkinson’s disease. Brain, 119, 815-22.
  3. Wilson SA, Day BL, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1996) Spatial differences in the sites of direct and indirect activation of corticospinal neurones by magnetic stimulation. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 101, 255-61.

1995

  1. Wilson SA, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1995) An investigation of the late excitatory potential in the hand following magnetic stimulation of the motor cortex. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 97, 55-62.
  2. Sammut R, Thickbroom GW, Wilson SA, Mastaglia FL (1995) The origin of the soleus late response evoked by magnetic stimulation of human motor cortex. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 97, 164-8.
  3. Stell R, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1995) The audiogenic startle response in Tourette’s syndrome. Movement Disorders, 10, 723-30.
  4. Wilson SA, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1995) Comparison of the magnetically mapped corticomotor representation of a muscle at rest and during low-level voluntary contraction. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 97, 246-50.

1993

  1. Wilson SA, Lockwood RJ, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1993) The muscle silent period following transcranial magnetic cortical stimulation. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 114, 216-22.
  2. Wilson SA, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1993) Topography of excitatory and inhibitory muscle responses evoked by transcranial magnetic stimulation in the human motor cortex. Neuroscience Letters, 154, 52-6.
  3. Wilson SA, Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1993) Transcranial magnetic stimulation mapping of the motor cortex in normal subjects. The representation of two intrinsic hand muscles. Journal of the Neurological Sciences, 118, 134-44.

1991

  1. Thickbroom GW, Knezevic W, Carroll WM, Mastaglia FL (1991) Saccade onset and offset lambda waves: relation to pattern movement visually evoked potentials. Brain Research, 551, 150-6.

1990

  1. Hayes AA, Thickbroom GW, Guelfi GR, Musk AW, van der Schaaf AA (1990) Computer quantitation of gallium 67 lung uptake in crocidolite (blue asbestos) workers of Western Australia. European Journal of Nuclear Medicine, 16, 855-8.
  2. Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1990) Premotor negativity associated with saccadic eye movement and finger movement: a comparative study. Brain Research, 506, 223-6.

1987

  1. Knezevic W, Mastaglia FL, Thickbroom GW, Carroll WM (1987) Crossed facilitation and post-contraction depression of abductor pollicis brevis motor neurons. Clinical & Experimental Neurology, 23, 15-21.
  2. Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1987) Presaccadic spike potential: a computer model based upon motor unit recruitment patterns in the extraocular muscles. Brain Research, 422, 377-80.

1986

  1. Thickbroom GW, Davies HD, Carroll WM, Mastaglia FL (1986) Averaging, spatio-temporal mapping and dipole modelling of focal epileptic spikes. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 64, 274-7.
  2. Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1986) Presaccadic spike potential. Relation to eye movement direction. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 64, 211-4.

1985

  1. Thickbroom GW, Carroll WM, Mastaglia FL (1985) Dipole source derivation. Application to the half-field pattern evoked potential. International Journal of Bio-Medical Computing, 16, 17-28.
  2. Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1985) Cerebral events preceding self-paced and visually triggered saccades. A study of presaccadic potentials. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 62, 277-89.
  3. Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL (1985) Presaccadic ‘spike’ potential: investigation of topography and source. Brain Research, 339, 271-80.
  4. Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL, Carroll WM, Davies HD (1985) Cerebral potentials accompanying visually triggered finger movement in man. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 62, 209-18.

1984

  1. Mastaglia FL, Carroll WM, Thickbroom GW (1984) F-response studies: computer analysis and recovery cycle. Clinical & Experimental Neurology, 20, 217-23.
  2. Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL, Carroll WM, Davies HD (1984) Source derivation: application to topographic mapping of visual evoked potentials. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 59, 279-85.
  3. Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL, Carroll WM (1984) Computerised topographical mapping of scalp recorded event-related potentials. International Journal of Bio-Medical Computing, 15, 131-7.
  4. Thickbroom GW, Mastaglia FL, Carroll WM (1984) Spatio-temporal mapping of evoked cerebral activity. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 59, 425-31.

1982

  1. Mastaglia, FL, Black JL, Thickbroom GW, Collins DWK (1982) Saccadic eye movements in Multiple Sclerosis. Neuro-Ophthalmology,2(4), 225-236.

1981

  1. Cala LA, Thickbroom GW, Black JL, Collins DW, Mastaglia FL (1981) Brain density and cerebrospinal fluid space size: CT of normal volunteers. American Journal of Neuroradiology, 2, 41-7.

1980

  1. Thickbroom GW, Black JL (1980) Eye motion kinetics in moving target pursuit – A system for detection of oculomotor abnormalities in neurological disorders. International Journal of Bio-Medical Computing, 11, 427-39.
  2. Thickbroom GW, Black JL (1980) Simultaneous recording of the visual evoked response to flashes at different retinal locations. Clinical Physics and Physiological Measurement, 1(1): 41-45.

 

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